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The summarize operator bundles input records according to a grouping expression and applies an aggregation function over each group.

The extent of a group depends on the pipeline input. For import and export pipelines, a group comprises a single batch (configurable as vast.import.batch-size). For compaction, a group comprises an entire partition (configurable as vast.max-partition-size).


The summarize operator has grouping and aggregation options. The general structure looks as follows:

# inputs
# bucketing for temporal grouping
# output


The group-by option specifies a list of extractors that should form a group. VAST internally calculates the combined hash for all extractors for every row and puts the data into buckets for subsequent aggregation.

Time Resolution

The time-resolution option specifies an optional duration value that specifies the tolerance when comparing time values in the group-by section. For example, 01:48 is rounded down to 01:00 when a 1-hour time-resolution is used.

Aggregate Functions

Aggregate functions compute a single value of one or more columns in a given group. Fields that neither occur in an aggregation function nor in the group-by list are dropped from the output.

The following aggregation functions are available:

  • sum: Computes the sum of all grouped values.
  • min: Computes the minimum of all grouped values.
  • max: Computes the maxiumum of all grouped values.
  • any: Computes the disjunction (OR) of all grouped values. Requires the values to be booleans.
  • all: Computes the conjunction (AND) of all grouped values. Requires the values to be booleans.
  • distinct: Creates a sorted list of all unique grouped values that are not nil. If the values are lists, operates on the all values inside the lists rather than the lists themselves.
  • sample: Takes the first of all grouped values that is not nil.
  • count: Counts all grouped values that are not nil.

There exist three ways to configure an aggregation function:

# Long form: Specify a list of input extractors explicitly.
- input_extractor_1
- ...
- input_extractor_n

# Long form: Specify a single input extractor.
aggregation_function: input_extractor

# Short form: Input extractor equals output field name.
output_field_name: aggregation_function


- timestamp
- proto
- event_type
time-resolution: 1 hour
min: timestamp
max: timestamp
pkts_toserver: sum
pkts_toclient: sum
bytes_toserver: sum
bytes_toclient: sum
start: min
end: max
alerted: any
- src_ip
- dest_ip

Pipeline Operator String Syntax (Experimental)

summarize [STRING = ]AGGREGATION(EXTRACTOR[, …])[, …] by EXTRACTOR[, …] [resolution DURATION]


Show all distinct id.origin_port values grouped by id.origin_ip values.

summarize distinct(id.origin_port) by id.origin_ip'

Show all distinct id.origin_port values grouped by id.origin_ip values in a field with the custom name total_ports.

summarize total_ports=distinct(id.origin_port) by id.origin_ip'

Show the result of any(Initiated) grouped by the SourceIp, SourcePort, DestinationPoint and UtcTime values, with an optional time resolution of one minute.

summarize any(Initiated) by SourceIp, SourcePort, DestinationPoint, UtcTime resolution 1 minute